Everest Base Camp Difficulty

Everest Base Camp Difficulty

What is the  Everest Base Camp difficulty?

यदि तपाईं मानसिक र शारीरिक तयारी गर्नुहुन्न भने इभरेस्ट बेस क्याम्प ट्रेक एकदम चुनौतीपूर्ण अनुभव हुन सक्छ। र किन तपाईं Everest Base Camp Difficulty उपहास हुनुहुन्छ र गुगलमा यो अनुवाद गर्दै हुनुहुन्छ?

Got it? Make Sense? NO???? Then carry on reading sunshine. Lucky for you we have some time on our hands.

The question has been asked

What is the Everest Base Camp difficulty? This has to be the most commonly asked question. And something that needs to be asked. It is best to be well prepared for a trek into the most famous base camp in the world. There is a lot of factors that can play a role in the success and overall experience of your trek. In this article we hope to enlighten you on the various factors and make suggestions. We have been leading treks to Everest base camp for over 15 years. We have been through all kinds of scenarios that include bad weather, altitude related illnesses and diverse group dynamics. Although fitness does play a role in reducing the difficulty on the trek, there are a lot more pressing issues to worry about. The main one being how your body adapts to altitude.

How your body adapts to the altitude on the Everest Base Camp trek?

This is the number one concern on an Everest Base camp trek. Being super fit does not mean you will be immune to the affects of altitude as you trek into the thinner air. In fact, AMS ( Acute mountain sickness) and the more serious Cerebral and Pulmonary Edemas are something that is pretty much impossible to determine before you leave. Some people adjust well and some don’t. The majority of trekkers will experience some level of AMS that includes nausea, diarrhea, headaches and fatigue. All of which are non life threatening and can be managed. Although you will feel really crap, most people bounce back after a day or two once their bodies adapt to the altitude.

The main culprits contributing to the Everest Base Camp Difficulty?

The 2 things you have to worry about however is the Pulmonary and Cerebral Edemas. These suckers are life threatening. Again….hard to ascertain if you are susceptible to them . We carry out medicals 2 times a day to try and determine if you are developing symptoms. Basic checks include an oxymeter reading ( to record the percetage of oxygen in your blood), glucose test, Blood pressure, pulse reading, stethoscope sounding and a set of questions on your general well being. For more information on altitude sickness click here:

How to prevent altitude sickness?

Stay at home is the easiest. This Everest base camp difficulty can be managed to a certain extent. We have spent many hours with the Himalayan Rescue Association situated at Periche. Not only are the doctors there dedicated to helping trekkers, climbers and Sherpas who have gotten sick in the mountains, they also use try and determine the causes and cures for variety of altitude related illnesses-To which this is a mystery to most doctors. However, there are a few things you can try:

  • Diamox. This is used to reduce the headaches, nausea and fatigue.
  • Viagra. The thinner air can cause blood vessels in the lungs to constrict putting strain on the heart and leaking of plasma into the lungs. Viagra will help relax the blood vessels. Notice we said blood vessels and not winky.
  • Drink at least 5 litres of water  day. Dehydration can offset AMS
  • Walk slowly to allow your body time to adapt to the thin air.

How fit do you need to be for the Everest Base Camp Trek?

The answer is purple. But if you prefer yellow then listen up. The Everest base camp trek covers nearly 130km over 11 days. We average between 6 and 12 kilometers a day deepening on where we are on the trek. And oh yes…..you are in the Himalayas. What do you expect? A grease down and a shiatsu? It is not flat sunshine. On some of the days we drop 700m in altitude only to ascend again the same day. We recommend that you at least get some sort of conditioning before you depart. Fatigue and sore legs will compound if you are not used to hiking for multiple days.

What not to do before the trek?

Don’t do this……….

Best advice for training? Rather bleed on the training field than the battle field

Hike. Try and get in a few multi day hikes so your body and mind get used to the continual effort. Trekking into base camp not like other sports where you are finished in an hour or so. You will be hiking between 5 and 7 hours a day. Not only do you legs and energy levels have to endure, but also your mind. Your mind will give up long before your body. The long hikes that you do before you depart will not only develop physical stamina but mental as well. We suggest a few Drakensberg hikes to help best prepare you for the trek. The best one to do is the 3 day Mweni or 4 day Mafadi hike. 

Other activities to make you strong? We suggest Functional training, running, cycling and dwarf throwing.

When is the best time to trek?

The are 2 main trekking seasons. Mid March to End of May and Mid September to the end of  November. Going in any other month will add to the challenge and logistics. The winter month from December to February can be brutal in terms of freezing conditions, snow and wind. The months between June and September is monsoon time. So expect wet conditions throughout. Read up on our suggestion son the best time to trek. 

Make sure you have the correct trekking equipment

The weather conditions of the trek into Everest base camp can be very volatile and challenging. You may experience snowstorms, rain, wind and freezing cold. You may also have days are relative calm and warmth. Make sure you prepare for the worst case scenarios!!! Getting cold not only makes increases the difficulty of the trek but can also lead to hypothermia. Here is a link to our suggested equipment list

In conclusion….there are a lot of factors that can affect the difficulty of an Everest Base camp Trek. We have developed 20 things to consider before departing. Have a read. Click here.


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